- mathematic (n.)
- late 14c. as singular noun, replaced by early 17c. by mathematics, from Latin
*mathematica*(plural), from Greek*mathematike tekhne*“mathematical science,” feminine singular of*mathematikos*(adj.) “relating to mathematics, scientific, astronomical; disposed to learn,” from*mathema*(genitive*mathematos*) “science, knowledge, mathematical knowledge; a lesson,”**literally “that which is learnt;”**related to*manthanein*“to learn,” from PIE root**mendh-*“to learn” (cognates: Greek*menthere*“**to care**,” Lithuanian*mandras*“**wide-awake**,” Old Church Slavonic*madru*“wise, sage,” Gothic*mundonsis*“to look at,” German*munter*“awake,**lively**“). As an adjective, 1540s, from French*mathÃ©matique*or directly from Latin*mathematicus*.

Source: http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=mathematic